OPTIMALISASI KURIKULUM PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM MELALUI PENDEKATAN KEARIFAN LOKAL DALAM MENINGKATKAN PEMAHAMAN KEAGAMAAN SISWA DI SMA NEGERI 1 KONTUKOWUNA

Mustakim, NIM : 17040202007,, M (2020) OPTIMALISASI KURIKULUM PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM MELALUI PENDEKATAN KEARIFAN LOKAL DALAM MENINGKATKAN PEMAHAMAN KEAGAMAAN SISWA DI SMA NEGERI 1 KONTUKOWUNA. Masters thesis, IAIN KENDARI.

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Abstract

Abstrak Mustakim, NIM 17040202007, Optimalisasi Kurikulum Pendidikan Agama Islam Melalui Pendekatan Kearifan Lokal Dalam Meningkatkan Pemahaman Keagamaan Siswa di SMA Negeri I Kontukowuna, pembimbing 1 Dr. Moh. Yahya Obaid, M.Ag, pembimbing II Dr. Masdin, M.Pd Optimalisasi Kurikulum Pendidikan Agama Islam merupakan segala sesuatu yang dilaksanakan untuk memaksimalkan hasil dari kurikulum Pendidikan Agama Islam. Acuan terhadap keberhasilan kurikulum Pendidikan Agama Islam di Indonesia. dapat dilihat sejauh mana nilai-nilai agama Islam dapat diterapkan oleh peserta didik, bukan hanya sebagai kemampuan output (konpetensi lulusan), tetapi dapat berupa out come (performa lulusan). Di dalam Sekolah Menengah Atas formulasi kurikulum Pendidikan Agama Islam disediakan berupa durasi waktu 2 sampai 3 jam pelajaran perminggu. Hal yang terbatas tersebut memungkinkan siswa tidak mampu memahami nilai-nilai agama Islam secara totalitas. Oleh karena itu optimalisasi kurikulum Pendidikan Agama Islam sangat dibutuhkan untuk mendapatkan hasil maksimal dari performa kurikulum PAI yang ada. Hal ini sejalan dengan kurikukulum yang bersifat fleksibel dan menyesuaikan dengan kebutuhan dan perkembangan peserta didik. Hal ini seperti yang dilaksanakan oleh guru Pendidikan Agama Islam di SMA Negeri 1 Kontukowuna, yaitu mengoptimalkan kurikulum Pendidikan Agama Islam melalui pendekatan kearifan lokal. Fokus penelitian ini adalah: (1) Bagaimana kearifan lokal yang digunakan dalam optimalisasi kurikulum Pendidikan Agama Islam di SMA Negeri 1 Kontukowuna?, (2) Bagaimana strategi optimalisasi kurikulum Pendidikan Agama Islam di SMA Negeri 1 Kontukowuna?. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitinan kualitatif deskriptif, pengumpulan data yang dilakukan melalui observasi, wawancara, dan studi dokumen. Data kualitatif dianalisis secara secara deskriptif analitik melalui tiga tahap yaitu reduksi data, penyajian data dan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa optimalisasi kurikulum Pendidikan Agama Islam melalui pendekatan kearifan lokal di SMA Negeri 1 Kontukowuna dilaksanakan dengan mentranformasikan nilai Pendidikan Agama Islam melalui norma sosial, menggunakan bahasa daerah Muna dalam proses pembelajaran dan melaksanakan pendidikan Islam melalui kegiatan budaya Katoba dan budaya Karia. Strateginya dilaksanakan melalui kegiatan role playing spontan, role playing investigate dan verbalisme. Kata kunci: Optimalisasi Kurikulum, Pendidikan Agama Islam, Kearifan Lokal ﺺﺨﻠﻣ ﻞﻴﺠﺴﺘﻟا ﻢﻗر ،ﻢﻴﻘﺘﺴﻣ ﺔﻓﺮﻌﻣ ﻞﺧﺪﻣ لﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻴﻣﻼﺳﻹا ﺔﻴﻨﻳﺪﻟا ﺔﻴﺑﱰﻟا ﺞﻬﻨﻣ ﲔﺴﲢ ، فﺮﺸﳌا ،ﺎﻧوﺎﻗﻮﻄﻨﻗ ﱃوﻷا ﺔﻴﻣﻮﻜﳊا ﺔﻴﻟﺎﻌﻟا ﺔﺳرﺪﳌﺎﺑ 17040202007 : ﲕﳛ ﺪﻤﳏ رﻮﺘﻛﺪﻟا م ،ﺪﻴﺒﻋ : 1 بﻼﻄﻟا ﲏﻳﺪﻟا ﻢﻫﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﺔﻴﻗﺮﺗ ﰲ تﺎﻐﻠﻟا . ﺔﻴﺑﱰﻟا ﺞﻬﻨﻣ ﲔﺴﲢ .ﺪﻓ م ،ﻦﻳﺪﺴﻣ رﻮﺘﻛﺪﻟا : 2 فﺮﺸﳌا ،غأ . ﺔﻴﻨﻳﺪﻟا ﺔﻴﺑﱰﻟا ﺞﻬﻨﻣ ﺔﻴﻣﻼﺳﻹا ﻦﻣ ﺞﺋﺎﺘﻨ ﻟا ﻖﻴﻘﺤﺘﻟ ﻩﺬﻴﻔﻨﺗ ﻢﺘﻳ ﺎﻣ ﻞﻛ ﻮﻫ ﺔﻴﻣﻼﺳﻹا ﺔﻴﻨﻳﺪﻟا ﺔﻴﻨﻳﺪﻟا ﻢﻴﻘﻟا ﻖ ﺔﻴﻣﻼﺳﻹا ّﺒﻄﺗ ﺪﻴﻌﺑ يأ ﱃإ ﺮﻈﻨﻟا ﻦﻜﳝ ﺎﻴﺴﻴﻧوﺪﻧإ ﰲ ﺔﻴﻣﻼﺳﻹا ﺔﻴﻨﻳﺪﻟا ﺔﻴﺑﱰﻟا ﺞﻬﻨﻣ حﺎﳒ ﰲ ﻊﺟﺮﳌا . . ( ﺞﻳﺮﳋا ءادأ ) ﻞﻜﺷ ﰲ نﻮﻜﺗ نأ ﻦﻜﳝ ﻦﻜﻟو ، ( ﺞﻳﺮﳋا ةءﺎﻔ )ﻛ جﺮﺨﺘﳌا تﺎﻴﻧﺎﻜﻣﺈﻛ ﻂﻘﻓ ﺲﻴﻟ ، ﺔﺒﻠﻄﻟﺎﺑ ﰲ تﺎﻋﺎﺳ عﻮﺒﺳﻷا 3 ﱃإ ﲔﺘﻋﺎﺳ ﻦﻣ ﻪﺗﺪﻣ ﻞﻜﺷ ﰲ ﺔ ﻴﻣﻼﺳﻹا ﺔﻴﻨﻳﺪﻟا ﺔﻴﺑﱰﻟا ﺞﻬﻨﻣ ﺔﻏﺎﻴﺻ ﻢﺘ ﺗ ﺔﻴﻟﺎﻌﻟا ﺔﺳرﺪﳌا ﰲ ﺞﻬﻨﻣ ﲔﺴﲢ ﺔﻴﺑﱰﻟا ﻚﻟاﺬﻟو . ﺔﻠﻣﺎﻛ ﺔﻴﻣﻼﺳﻹا ﺔﻴﻨﻳﺪﻟا ﻢﻴﻘﻟا ﻢﻬﻓ ﻰﻠﻋ اورﺪﻘﻳ ﻻ نأ بﻼﻄﻟا ﻦﻜﳝ ةدﺪﶈا ﺔﻟﺎﳊا . ﺔﻟﺎﳊا ﻩﺬﻫ بﻼﻄﻟا ﺔﻴﻤﻨﺗو تﺎﺟﺎﻴﺘﺣﻻﺎﺑ ﻢﺋﻼﳌاو ﲔﻠﻟا ﺞﻬﻨﳌﺎﺑ ﺔﺒﺳﺎﻨﻣ . ةدﻮﺟﻮﳌا ﺔﻴﻣﻼﺳﻹا ﺔﻴﻨﻳﺪﻟا ﺔﻴﺑﱰﻟا ﺞﻬﻨﻣ ءاﺮﺟإ ﻦﻣ ﺞﺋﺎﺘﻨﻟا ﻰﺼﻗأ ﻞﻴﻨﻟ جﺎﺘﶈ ﺔﻴﻣﻼﺳﻹا ﺔﻴﻨﻳﺪﻟا ﺔﻴﻣﻼﺳﻹا ﺔﻴﻨﻳﺪﻟا ﺔﻴﺑﱰﻟا سرﺪﻣ ﺎﻫﺬﻔﻧ ﺎﻤﻛ ﺔﻟﺎﳊا ﻩﺬﻫ ﻗ ﱃوﻷا ﺔﻴﻣﻮﻜﳊا ﺔﻴﻟﺎﻌﻟا ﺔﺳرﺪﳌﺎﺑ . ﺔﻓﺮﻌﻣ ﻞﺧﺪﻣ لﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻴﻣﻼﺳﻹا ﺔﻴﻨﻳﺪﻟا ﺔﻴﺑﱰﻟا ﺞﻬﻨﻣ ﲔﺴﲢ ﲏﻌﻳ ،ﺎﻧوﺎﻗﻮﻄﻨ تﺎﻐﻠﻟا ﺔﻴﻣﻼﺳﻹا ﺔﻴﻨﻳﺪﻟا ﺔﻴﺑﱰﻟا ﺞﻬﻨﻣ ﲔﺴﲢ مﺪﺨﺘﺳا ﱵﻟا تﺎﻐﻠﻟا ﺔﻓﺮﻌﻣ ﻒﻴﻛ ؟ ﺎﻧوﺎﻗﻮﻄﻨﻗ ﱃوﻷا ﺔﻴﻣﻮﻜﳊا ﺔﻴﻟﺎﻌﻟا ﺔﺳرﺪﳌﺎﺑ ( 1 ﻮﻬﻓ ﺚﺤﺒﻟا اﺬﻫ ﺰﻴﻛﺮﺗ ﺎﻣأ . ﺔﺳرﺪﳌﺎﺑ ﺔﻴﻣﻼﺳﻹا ﺔﻴﻨﻳﺪ ؟ ﺎﻧوﺎﻗﻮﻄﻨﻗ ﱃوﻷا ﺔﻴﻣﻮﻜﳊا ﺔﻴﻟﺎﻌﻟا ﻖﺋﺎﺛﻮﻟا ﺔﺳاردو ،ﺔﻠﺑﺎﻘﳌاو ،ﺔﻈﺣﻼﳌا ﺔﻘﻳﺮﻄﺑ ﺬﻔﻨﻣ تﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟا ﻊﲨو ،ﻲﻔﺻو ﻲﻔﻴﻛ ﺚﲝ ﺚﺤﺒﻟا اﺬﻫ ﻟا ﺔﻴﺑﱰﻟا ﺞﻬﻨﻣ ﲔﺴﲢ ﺔﻴﺠﻴﺗاﱰﺳإ ﻒﻴﻛ ( 2 ﺎﻣأو ﻞﺣاﺮﻣ ثﻼﺜﺑ ﻲﻬﻓ ﺔﻴﻔﻴﻜﻟا تﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟا ﻞﻴﻠﲢ . . ﺗ ﺚﺤﺒﻟا ﺞﺋﺎﺘﻧ جﺎﺘﻨﺘﺳﻻا ﺬﺧأو ،تﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟا ضﺮﻋ ،تﺎﻧﺎﻴﺒﻟا ﺾﻴﻔﲣ : ﰲ تﺎﻐﻠﻟا ﺔﻓﺮﻌﻣ ﻞﺧﺪﻣ لﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻴﻣﻼﺳﻹا ﺔﻴﻨﻳﺪﻟا ﺔﻴﺑﱰﻟا ﺞﻬﻨﻣ ﲔﺴﲢ نأ ﻰﻠﻋ لﺪ ﺔﻴﻣﻼﺳﻹا ﺔﻴﻨﻳﺪﻟا ﺔﻴﺑﱰﻟا ﻢﻴﻘﻟا لﻮﺤﺘﺑ ﺬﻔﻨﻣ ﺎﻧوﺎﻗﻮﻄﻨﻗ ﱃوﻷا ﺔﻴﻣﻮﻜﳊا ﺔﻴﻟﺎﻌﻟا ﺔﺳرﺪﳌﺎﺑ بﻼﻄﻟا ﲏﻳﺪﻟا ﻢﻫﺎﻔﺘﻟا ﺔﻴﻗﺮﺗ لﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ﺔﻴﻣﻼﺳﻹا ﺔﻴﺑﱰﻟا ﺬﻴﻔﻨﺗو ﻢﻴﻠﻌﺘﻟ ﺎﻳرﺎﻛ ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺛ نادﺎﺑ ﻮﺗﺎﻛ ﺔﻓﺎﻘﺛ ﺔﻄﺸﻧأ ا ﺔﻴﻠﻤﻋ ﰲ ﺔﻳﻮﻧﻮﳌا ةﺮﺋاﺪﻟا ﺔﻐﻟ ماﺪﺨﺘﺳاو ،ﺔﻴﻋﺎﻤﺘﺟﻻا ﺪﻋاﻮﻗ لﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ راودﻷا ﺔﺒﻌﻟ ،ﺔﻠﲡﺮﳌا راودﻷا ﺔﺒﻌﻟ ﺔﻄﺸﻧأ لﻼﺧ ﻦﻣ ةﺬﻔﻨﻣ ﻪﺘﻴﺠﻴﺗﱰﺳإ ﺔﻴﻈﻔﻠﻟاو ﺔﻴﻘﻴﻘﺤﺘﻟا . . . تﺎﻐﻠﻟا ﺔﻓﺮﻌﻣ ،ﺔﻴﻣﻼﺳﻹا ﺔﻴﻨﻳﺪﻟا ﺔﻴﺑﺮﺘﻟا ،ﺞﻬﻨﻣ ﻦﻴﺴﺤﺗ : ﺔﻴﺴﻴﺋﺮﻟا ﺔﻤﻠﻜﻟا ABSTRACT Mustakim, NIM : 17040202007, Optimization of Islamic Education Curriculum through Local Wisdom Approach in Increasing Religious Understanding of Students at Senior High School 1 Kontukowuna, Mentor 1 : Dr. Moh. Yahya Obaid, M.Ag, Mentor 2 : Dr. Masdin, M.Pd. Optimization Of Islamic Education curriculum is implemented to maximize the results of the Islamic religious education curriculum. Reference to the success of the Islamic Religious Education curriculum in Indonesia can be seen to what extent Islamic religious values can be applied by students, not only as output capability (graduate competence ), but can be in the form of out-come (graduate performance ). In the Senior High School, formulation of the Islamic Education curriculum is prepared by duration 2 to 3 hours in week. This limited matter allows students to be unable to understand Islamic religious values in total. Therefore the optimization of the Islamic Education curriculum is needed to get the most out of the performance of existing Islamic religious education curriculum. This is in line with the curricula which are flexible and adapt to the needs and development of students. This is like what was done by Islamic Education teachers in State Senior High School 1 Kontukowuna, that is optimizing the Islamic Education curriculum through a local wisdom approach. The focus of this study is: (1) How is local wisdom used in optimizing the Islamic Religious Education curriculum in State Senior High School 1 Kontukowuna? (2) What is the strategies for optimizing the Islamic Religious Education curriculum in State Senior High School 1 Kontukowuna? This research is descriptive qualitative research, data collection is done through observation, interviews, and document studies. Qualitative data were analyzed by analytic descriptive through three stages, that is data reduction, data presentation and conclusions. The results of this study indicate that the optimization of the Islamic Education curriculum through the approach of local wisdom at State Senior High School 1 Kontukowuna is carried out by transforming the values of Islamic Education through social norms, using the Muna regional language in the learning process and implementing Islamic education through Kato badan cultural Karia Cultural. The strategies are carried out through spontaneous role playing activities, role playing investigations and verbalism. Keyword : Optimization of Curriculum, Islamic Religion Education, Local Wisdom

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Additional Information: Optimalisasi Kurikulum, Pendidikan Agama Islam, Kearifan Lokal,
Subjects: Agama
Pendidikan
Sosial dan Budaya Islam
Pendidikan Islam
Islam (Umum)
Divisions: PASCASARJANA > Prodi Pendidikan Agama Islam
Depositing User: Andi Nila Nurfadhilah
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2020 06:53
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2020 06:44
URI: http://digilib.iainkendari.ac.id/id/eprint/2336

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